Building a Seizure First Aid Kit: Essential Items to Include

23rd January 2024

Being prepared for a seizure is crucial for the safety and wellbeing of individuals living with epilepsy. One essential aspect of preparedness is having a well-equipped seizure first aid kit readily available. In this blog post, we’ll list the key items to include in a seizure first aid kit, ensuring that individuals with epilepsy, their caregivers, and those nearby are equipped to respond effectively.

Information Card

Start your seizure first aid kit with an information card containing essential details such as emergency contacts, a brief medical history, and specific instructions for seizure response. This card can be invaluable for first responders and healthcare professionals.

Seizure Action Plan

Include a seizure action plan outlining the steps to take during and after a seizure. This can serve as a quick reference guide for caregivers and bystanders, ensuring a coordinated and informed response.

Emergency Medications

If the individual with epilepsy has prescribed emergency medications, ensure they are part of the first aid kit. Examples may include rectal diazepam or buccal midazolam. Although these medications should only be administered by those who are trained to do so it’s a good idea to keep them in their original packaging with clear instructions. This may be helpful for attending paramedics, but should not be administered by anyone unqualified to do so. 

For more information on training, please see our courses on the administration of both buccal midazolam and rectal diazepam.

Blanket or Cushion

A soft blanket or cushion can be placed under the person’s head during a seizure to prevent injury. Avoid using anything too thick that may obstruct breathing.

Consider including a small cushion or head support device to prevent head injuries during a seizure. This can be particularly useful if the individual is prone to falling.

Seizure Diary

A seizure diary or log can be included to track seizure frequency, duration, and any potential triggers. This information is valuable for healthcare professionals during follow-up appointments.

Water Bottle

Dehydration can be a concern after a seizure. Including a small water bottle in the first aid kit can help the individual stay hydrated once the seizure has passed. However, no food or drink should be given to a person who is currently having a seizure until they have fully recovered. 

Contact Information

A laminated card with emergency contact information, including the individual’s primary healthcare provider, neurologist, and any other relevant healthcare professionals, can be included for quick reference.

A well-prepared seizure first aid kit is an essential component of epilepsy management. By including key items such as an information card, seizure action plan, emergency medications, personal protective equipment, and comfort items, individuals with epilepsy, their caregivers, and bystanders can respond effectively and provide necessary support during and after a seizure.

Regularly review and update the contents of the first aid kit to ensure that it remains relevant to the individual’s needs and any changes in their medical condition. With a properly equipped seizure first aid kit, you contribute to a safer and more supportive environment for those living with epilepsy.

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