Early myoclonic encephalopathy

28th February 2019

This particular syndrome will usually begin very early in the newborn period, normally before 2 to 3 months of age. The underlying cause of early myoclonic encephalopathy is often a metabolic disorder known as nonketotic hyperglycinemia, however, it can also be caused by brain malformations and neurogenetic disorders.   Symptoms Seizures can vary with this…

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Category: Syndromes

Startle epilepsy

29th January 2019

Startle epilepsy (or startle-induced seizures) is a type of reflex epilepsy whereby a seizure is caused by a sudden and unexpected stimulus. This could be a wide variety of things, and it often varies from person to person. Some people with epilepsy may be particularly sensitive to one type of stimulus. Startle epilepsy is very…

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Category: Syndromes

Dravet syndrome

23rd January 2019

Dravet syndrome, also known as severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SME), is a very rare childhood epilepsy syndrome. It affects as few as 1 in 500 children with epilepsy and most commonly starts with seizures that are very similar in character to that of febrile convulsions. Although this syndrome may develop from as young as…

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Category: Syndromes

Hemiplegia in children with epilepsy

17th December 2018

Hemiplegia, much like epilepsy, is a neurological condition that’s caused by damage to the brain. A child can be born with this damage, or it can be developed after a stroke, accident or perhaps a tumour, which is known as ‘acquired hemiplegia’. It is caused by damage to one hemisphere of the brain and 1…

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Category: Syndromes

Childhood Absence Epilepsy (CAE)

19th November 2018

Childhood Absence Epilepsy (CAE) is an epilepsy syndrome that often starts during early childhood between the ages of 4 and 7. It’s very rare for this particular epilepsy syndrome to start any earlier or later than these ages, although not entirely impossible. The syndrome is considered to be slightly more common in girls than boys.…

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Category: Syndromes

Benign Neonatal Convulsions

29th October 2018

Benign Neonatal Convulsions (BNC) is a type of epilepsy syndrome that always occurs in young infants. Seizures, or in this case convulsions, will often start to happen between birth up to 28 days old. It’s a relatively uncommon syndrome that affects boys and girls equally. There are two types of BNC, familial and non-familial. Familial…

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Category: Syndromes