Tuberous Sclerosis and epilepsy

16th April 2020

Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) is a rare genetic disorder that affects multiple organ systems and causes tumours to develop in different parts of the body. These tumours are mostly benign (non-cancerous), and commonly affect the brain, heart, kidneys, eyes, lungs and skin. TSC affects 1 in every 6,000 people and can present at any age. …

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Category: Syndromes

Panayiotopoulos syndrome

25th March 2020

At present, it is not known how common panayiotopoulos syndrome is, it’s estimated that it could affect as many as 1 in 10 children with epilepsy but could also be closer to 1 in 20. Panayiotopoulos syndrome usually presents in children between the ages of 3 and 5, but has also been known to affect…

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Category: Syndromes

Ohtahara Syndrome

13th February 2020

Ohtahara syndrome, also known as early infantile epilepsy encephalopathy with suppression bursts, is an extremely rare syndrome that starts in very young babies, usually below the age of 3 months.  In the vast majority of cases, the baby will have a structural brain abnormality to which this syndrome can be attributed. These abnormalities can be…

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Category: Syndromes

Myoclonic astatic epilepsy

4th January 2020

Myoclonic astatic epilepsy is an extremely uncommon epilepsy syndrome that affects only 2 out of every 100 children with epilepsy. It more commonly affects males and symptoms can become clear between the ages of 18 months and 5 years. This syndrome has no known cause, but is widely believed to be as a result of…

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Category: Syndromes

Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

13th November 2019

Lennox-Gastaut is a rare epilepsy syndrome that only affects between 1 to 5 children out of every 100 that have epilepsy. It’s also well known to be one of the most difficult childhood epilepsies to treat, also known as ‘intractable’. Lennox-Gastaut syndrome usually starts in children between the ages of 3 to 5, although it…

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Category: Syndromes

Landau Kleffner Syndrome

9th October 2019

Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is an extremely rare childhood epilepsy syndrome that affects boys twice as much as it affects girls and usually develops around the ages of 3 - 6. One of the key features of LKS is that it can affect speech and language skills in children and most likely result in behavioural problems.…

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Category: Syndromes